The Cisco switch must be configured to automatically audit account creation. (Cat II impact)
Upon gaining access to a network device, an attacker will often first attempt to create a persistent method of reestablishing access. One way to accomplish this is to create a new account. Notification of account creation helps to mitigate this risk. Auditing account creation provides the necessary reconciliation that account management procedures are being followed. Without this audit trail, personnel without the proper authorization may gain access to critical network nodes.
Review the switch configuration to determine if it automatically audits account creation. The configuration should look similar to the example below: archive log config logging enable Note: Configuration changes can be viewed using the show archive log config all command. If account creation is not automatically audited, this is a finding.
Configure the switch to log account creation using the following commands: SW4(config)#archive SW4(config-archive)#log config SW4(config-archive-log-cfg)#logging enable SW4(config-archive-log-cfg)#end
The information system automatically audits account creation actions.
Automated Audit Actions