Microsoft Windows Defender Antivirus STIG: WNDF-AV-000023

Check: WNDF-AV-000023 (in versions v2 r2 through v1 r1)

Title

Windows Defender AV must be configured to process scanning when real-time protection is enabled. (Cat II impact)

Discussion

This policy setting allows you to configure process scanning when real-time protection is turned on. This helps to catch malware which could start when real-time protection is turned off. If you enable or do not configure this setting a process scan will be initiated when real-time protection is turned on. If you disable this setting a process scan will not be initiated when real-time protection is turned on.

Check Content

Verify the policy value for Computer Configuration -> Administrative Templates -> Windows Components -> Windows Defender Antivirus -> Real-time Protection -> "Turn on process scanning whenever real-time protection is enabled" is set to "Enabled" or "Not Configured". Procedure: Use the Windows Registry Editor to navigate to the following key: HKLM\Software\Policies\Microsoft\Windows Defender\Real-Time Protection Criteria: If the value "DisableScanOnRealtimeEnable" is REG_DWORD = 0, this is not a finding. If the value does not exist, this is not a finding. If the value is 1, this is a finding.

Fix Text

Set the policy value for Computer Configuration -> Administrative Templates -> Windows Components -> Windows Defender Antivirus -> Real-time Protection -> Turn on process scanning whenever real-time protection is enabled to "Enabled" or "Not Configured".

Expert Comments

Expert comments are only available to logged-in users.

CCIs

CCIs tied to check.
Number Definition
CCI-001242

The organization configures malicious code protection mechanisms to perform real-time scans of files from external sources at endpoints as the files are downloaded, opened, or executed in accordance with organizational security policy.

Controls

Controls tied to check. These are derived from the CCIs shown above.
Number Title
SI-3

Malicious Code Protection